General Information

University ranking systems such as ARWU-Jiao Tong (China), WEBOMETRICS (Spain), TIMES (England) and LEIDEN (Holland) employ various indicators to rank universities worldwide. In order to foster academic improvement and to become one of the best universities in the world, each university needs to evaluate its position among other higher education institutions. Ranking systems aim to fulfill this need in an objective way by using open and reliable data sources for ranking universities. The URAP-TR ranking system, which has been developed for ranking Turkish universities by using data gathered from both international and national resources, such as ISI (Information Sciences Institute), the Turkish Council of Higher Education and the Turkish Student Selection and Placement Center (SSPC), aims to help universities evaluate their position among other Turkish universities. We believe that after recognizing areas for improvement and addressing their shortcomings, Turkish universities will realize their potential and eventually rise up in global rankings. Despite their financial difficulties and understaffed faculties, Turkish universities are ranked better than many European universities and shortlisted among World’s best universities. To exemplify, in 2010 one Turkish university was ranked among the Top 500 World Universities by ARWU-Jiao Tong, two Turkish universities were ranked among the top 250 list published by TIMES and nine Turkish universities appeared among the top 500 institutions ranked by LEIDEN.


The URAP-TR ranking system does not aim to label Turkish universities as good or bad. The aim is to allow Turkish universities to discover their strengths and identify areas that require further improvement based on specific academic performance indicators. Obviously, like other ranking systems, the URAP system is also open to criticism. The ranking system will be continuously improved depending on the availability of new data sources and based on the feedback we will receive from our colleagues.


The URAP-TR ranking announced today uses a total of 9 indicators. This is the fourth iteration of URAP-TR; the first version of the ranking was announced In August 3rd, 2009, the second version was published in January 5th, 2010, and the third version was published in October 2010. For the latest iteration, Turkish universities are ranked along 6 academic fields; namely Engineering, Social Sciences, Science, Medicine, Life Sciences, and Agricultural-Environmental Sciences.

The following table provides a list of all indicators including their targeted theme, the data sources used and their definitions:

No

Indicator

Targeted Theme

Data Source

Description

1

Number of articles

Research

CHE1

Number of articles published in SCI, SSCI or AHCI in 2010

2

Number of articles per faculty

Research

CHE 1

Number of articles published in 2010 per faculty (Professor, Assoc. Prof and Assist. Prof )

3

Number of citations

Research

ISI2

Number of citations received in 2010 for articles published between 2002-2020.

4

Number of citations per faculty

Research

ISI2 and
CHE 1

Number of citations per faculty received in 2010 for articles published between 2002-2010

5

Total Number of Scientific Publications

Research

ISI3

Total number of academic publications/citations, proceedings etc. obtained from ISI for the 2007-2011 period

6

Total Number of Scientific Publications per faculty *

Research

ISI3 and CHE1

Total number of academic publications per faculty for the 2007-2011 period

7

Number of Ph.D. students

Education and Research

SSPC4

Number of Ph.D. students In 2010-2011 academic year

8

Percentage of Ph.D. students

Education and Research

SSPC 4

Percentage of Ph.D. students among the students in 2010-2011 academic year

9

Number of students per faculty

Education

CHE1 and SSPC 4

Number of students per faculty In 2010-2011 academic year

1.2010 Publication Statistics: www.yok.gov.tr/content/view/320/118/ 
2. Data gathered In June 20th, 2011 from ISI Web of Science  database.
3. Data gathered In June 20th, 2011 from ISI Web of Science  database. This index covers various types of publications such as full papers, short papers, conference proceedings, book summaries, editorial letters, poetry, literary/art critiques etc. 
4. Higher Education Statistics for 2010-2011 Academic Year: (http://osym.gov.tr/belge/1-12654/2010-2011-ogretim-yili-yuksekogretim-istatistikleri.htmll)
* Since Google Scholar does not offer field-based statistics, ISI’s total scientific publication index has been used for this year’s ranking.


Indicators that are related to the total number of publications can be criticized for introducing a bias in favor of older and larger universities. Nevertheless, one should not underestimate these universities’ overall contribution to science. Hence, such universities deserve higher scores along related indicators. On the other hand, the number of publication per faculty indicator favors small but productive universities. Therefore, while bigger universities receive high scores for their total productivity; smaller universities get higher scores for their efficiency. The continuity of academic output is considered by the 3rd and 4th indicators, whereas remaining indicators aim to evaluate each institute’s current performance. Furthermore, 5th and 6th indicators aim to take into account additional academic productivity parameters by considering the number of articles published and/or presented at conferences or workshops as captured by ISI’s total document index.
In an effort to provide means for fair comparison among various types of Turkish universities, 7 different rankings are prepared based on these indicators:

  • Ranking of Universities Founded Before 2000 (Table 1): Includes 74 universities
  • Ranking of Universities Founded After 2000 (Table 2): Includes 51 universities
  • Ranking of Universities Having Medical Schools (Table 3): Includes 57 universities
  • Ranking of Universities Not Having Medical Schools (Table 4): Includes 68 universities
  • Ranking of State Universities (Table 5): Includes 96 universities
  • Ranking of Foundation Universities (Table 6): Includes 29 universities
  • Ranking of All Universities (Table 7): Includes 125 universities

Field-based ranking of Turkish Universities has been announced for the first time in addition to the rankings listed above. 6 separate tables listed below show the rankings for the following fields; Engineering, Social Sciences, Science, Medicine, Life Sciences, Agricultural-Environmental Sciences (see Tables 8 – 13). The fields are based on ISI’s classification of scientific journals (Sub-fields and topics covered by each field is provided at http://tr.urapcenter.org/en/2011_2/field.php). For that reason, the definition of field we have employed in the ranking does not correspond to a specific faculty and/or department. For instance, even though a university does not have a school of medicine, it may appear in the medicine ranking if that university has publications indexed in medicine journals. The most important difference between our general ranking and the field-based ranking is that the data cannot be normalized according to the number of faculty members working at each field. Nevertheless, a new criteria that measures the quality of a publication in a given field is added to our field-based rankings (i.e. total journal impact factor). This measure is obtianed by multiplying the number of publications with the impact factor of the corresponding journal.

The table below shows the criteria we have used for the field-based rankings along with their corresponding weights and descriptions. 

No

Criteria

Aim

Source

Weight

Description

1

Number of Articles

Research

ISI

% 35

Number of articles published in SCI, SSCI or AHCI in 2011

2

Number of Citations

Research

ISI

% 25

Number of citations received in 2011 for articles published between 2007 - 2011.

3

Total Number of Scientific Publications

Research

ISI

% 25

Total number of academic publications/citations, proceedings etc. obtained from ISI for the 2007-2011 period

4

Total Impact Factor

Research

ISI

% 15

The total sum of papers published in 2007-2011 multiplied by the impact factor of the corresponding journal.

Due to the way article and citation counts are distributed across universities, a median-based, linear scoring scheme has been employed in all our rankings. The scores are calculated in the following way: First, all universities are sorted according to their raw counts along each criterion. Then, the median value for each criterion is calculated. Those universities that have a raw score equal to the median value are assigned 50 points. Top and bottom universities are assigned 100 and 0 points respectively. Universities whose raw counts are above the median value are assigned scores in the 50-100 range in a linear fashion. Similarly, those universities below the median value are assigned scores between 0 and 50 in a linear fashion. 


These rankings involve 125 universities listed in the 2009 Publication Statistics report published by The Council of Higher Education. Table 7 presents all data collected and the scores for each university. Data collected for each university and the corresponding scores can be found in http://tr.urapcenter.org. The data used for ranking is open to everyone and any inaccurate values will be corrected periodically. 


This study is conducted at the URAP (University Ranking by Academic Performance) Center of the Informatics Institute in Middle East Technical University. It is a joint product of the advisory board, the technical board and the technical team.  We thank to the members of our advisory board, Prof. Dr.  Nusret Aras, Prof. Dr. Tunçalp Ozgen, Prof. Dr. EngIn Ataç, Prof. Dr. Ulkü Bayındır, Prof. Dr. Attila Aşkar and Prof. Dr. Yaşar Sütbeyaz, members of our technical board Prof. Dr. Nazife Baykal, Prof. Dr. Ayşen Akkaya, Prof. Dr. Canan Cilingir, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Sevgi Ozkan, Dr. Murat Perit Cakır and our technical team members Nergis Gürel, Oğuzhan AlaşehIr, Fatih Omrüuzun and Buket Aran.


We wish this ranking will contribute to the rise of Turkish universities in Worldwide rankings.

Prof.Dr. Ural Akbulut
METU Department of Chemistry

 


News

URAP 2011 September
(21/9/2011) URAP 2011 September Ranking of Turkish Universities announced on September 21, 2011.

URAP News Subscription



Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional Valid CSS!